Nile Water Agreement 1929

There are 25 agencies out of seven departments that are involved in maintaining water quality, but communication and data exchange between agencies is underdeveloped. [26] Water user associations, non-governmental farmers` associations that organize an irrigation process for all agricultural land, wait for diesel pumps and resolve conflicts between farmers and water management. It has been in existence since 1988, but there has been no structure and involvement of women, who are considered to be responsible for the pollution of irrigation canals, as they wash clothes, dishes and animals in drains. [27] On 2 April 2011, Meles Zenawi, then Prime Minister of Ethiopia, laid the foundations for the construction of the Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam. The dam is located on the Blue Nile, in the Benishangul-Gumuz region of the country. Shortly after the announcement, the Cairo authorities immediately launched a campaign of words against Addis Ababa`s alleged attempt to intervene in Egypt`s water needs. Then, The furious Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi said that if he did not call for „war” with Ethiopia, „Egypt`s water security cannot be violated at all,” that „all options are open” and that Egyptians would not accept projects on the Nile that threaten their existence. Facts and agreements on the use of Nile waters follow: the Egyptian Prime Minister`s letter sets out how much water Sudan could be allowed to withdraw. It also defines how and where this amount should be recorded. Wafd`s critics attack these last details. It argues that they have overcome the spirit of the agreement. This is not the case to convey the controversy that has been presented.

Its practical solution will depend in large part on the good faith with which the agreement will enter into force. In the light of current knowledge, we must start from this good faith. The dam is considered the largest hydroelectric project in Africa and the eighth largest in the world. It was designed to produce 6000 megawatts of electricity. The reservoir can absorb more than 70 billion cubic meters of water, which is almost equivalent to the fluidity of the Nile in a year. Indeed, this agreement gave Egypt full control of the Nile during the dry season when water is most needed for agricultural irrigation. It also severely limits the amount of water allocated to Sudan and does not supply water to any of the other riparian countries. The Egyptian government agrees that a settlement of these issues (irrigation issues) cannot be delayed as long as the two governments (Britain and Egypt) manage to agree on the status of Sudan, but at the conclusion of this regulation, they explicitly reserve their full freedom in the negotiations that might precede such an agreement. Under these conditions, Egypt would receive 48 billion cubic meters of water per year and 4 billion cubic meters in Sudan. Egypt would not need the agreement of the upstream states to carry out water projects in its own territories, but could veto all inflows from the Nile into the upstream countries, including the 43,130 square kilometre victoriaiase.

The world`s second largest freshwater lake is fed by direct rainfall and thousands of streams from Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda and Kenya, all located in central-eastern Africa.

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