It is a document on the accountability of the WTO Secretariat, in accordance with Article 7(b) of the Transparency Mechanism, in full consultation with the Parties and serving as a basis for the consideration of an ATR by WTO Members. It describes the business environment, the main features of the agreement and its impact on market access in the ATR parties. The Parties are required to provide information on the trade and customs lines referred to in Annex I to the Transparency Mechanism within a specified period (usually 10 weeks, but 20 weeks for agreements concluded exclusively between developing countries) from the date of notification. The status of the factual presentation can either already be „distributed” (i.e. as an official WTO document); „not distributed”; or „pending”, for example where concrete commitments on services have not yet been agreed. In addition to the notified agreements, RTA-IS also contains available information on early announcements of these agreements that have not yet been notified. A regional trade agreement (RTA) is a treaty between two or more governments that sets out the trade rules applicable to all signatories. Regional trade agreements include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Central American-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), the European Union (EU) and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). Short titles of RTA are not the full titles of the agreements contained in the text of the agreement. In short titles, the United States is replaced by „UNITED STATES” and the European Union by „EU”.
Therefore, the user must search for the United States and not „United” to establish a list of agreements signed by the United States. This option allows you to select an RTA from the list of short titles of RTA in alphabetical order. The user can also search for a specific character string, for example.B. is established by typing „asia” a list of all agreements whose short title contains the string „asia”, for example. B the Asian Free Trade Agreement (AFTA). Paragraphs 4 to 10 of Article XXIV of GATT 1994 (as specified in the Agreement on the Interpretation of Article XXIV of the GATT in 1994) provide for the establishment and operation of unions and free trade areas including trade in goods and interim agreements leading to either; Regional trade agreements are multiplying and changing in nature. Fifty trade agreements were in force in 1990. In 2017, there were more than 280. In many trade agreements, negotiations today go beyond tariffs and cover several policies that influence trade and investment in goods and services, including rules across the border, such as competition policy, government procurement rules and intellectual property rights. ASAs covering tariffs and other border measures are „superficial” agreements; THE RTAs, which cover a larger group of policies, at and below the border, are „deep” agreements.
Trade unions and environmentalists in rich countries have been the most active in the search for labour and environmental standards. The danger is that the application of these standards will simply become an excuse for protectionism in rich countries, which would harm workers in poor countries. In fact, the people of poor countries, capitalist or working class, were extremely hostile to the imposition of such norms. For example, the 1999 WTO meeting in Seattle partially collapsed because developing countries opposed the Clinton administration`s attempt to include labour standards in multilateral agreements. Despite the possible tensions between the two approaches, it would appear that multilateral and bilateral/regional trade agreements will remain characteristics of the global economy. However, both the WTO and agreements such as NAFTA have become controversial among groups such as anti-globalization protesters, who claim that such agreements serve the interests of multinationals and not workers, although free trade is a proven method to improve economic performance and increase overall incomes. . . .